Journal Articles

Selected Journal Articles



Kappas, A., Stower, R., & Vanman, E.J. (2020). Communicating with robots: What we do wrong and what we do right in artificial social intelligence and what we need to do better. In R.J. Sternberg & A Kostić (Eds.). Social intelligence and nonverbal communication (pp. 233-254). Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature Switzerland.




Vanman, E.J., & Kappas, A. (2019). “Danger, Will Robinson!” The Challenges of Social Robots for Intergroup Relations. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 13 (8), e12489.




D’Mello, S., Kappas, A., & Gratch, J. (2018). The affective computing approach to affect measurement. Emotion Review, 10, 174-183.




Garcia, D., Kappas, A., Küster, D., & Schweitzer, F. (2016). The dynamics of emotions in online interaction. Royal Society Open Science, 3, 160059.

Krumhuber, E., Tsankova, E., & Kappas, A. (2016). Examining subjective and physiological responses to norm violation using text-based vignettes. International Journal of Psychology.


Tsankova, E. & Kappas, A. (2016). Facial skin smoothness as an indicator of perceived trustworthiness and related traits. Perception, 45, 400–408.


Charlton, J. P., Kappas, A., & Swiderska, A. (2015). Does computing anger have social elements? A comparison with driving anger. Behaviour & Information Technology, 34, 294–303.


Hall, L., Tazzyman, S., Hume, C., Endrass, B., Lim, M., Hofstede, G. J., Paiva, A., Andre, E., Kappas, A., & Aylett, R. (2015). Learning to overcome cultural conflict through engaging with intelligent agents in synthetic cultures. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 25, 291–317.


Krumhuber, E. G., Swiderska, A., Tsankova, E., Kamble, S. V., & Kappas, A. (2015). Real or artificial? Intergroup biases in mind perception in a cross-cultural perspective. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137840.


Olk, B., Tsankova, E., Petca, A. R., & Wilhelm, A. F. X. (2014). Measuring effects of voluntary attention: A comparison among predictive arrow, colour and number cues. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 2025–2041.
Skowron, M., Rank, S., Swiderska, A., Küster, D., & Kappas, A. (2014). Applying a text-based affective dialogue system in psychological research: Case studies on the effects of system behavior, interaction context and social exclusion. Cognitive Computation, 6, 872–891. 10.1007/s12559-014-9271-2


Gobron, S., Ahn, J., Thalmann, D., Skowron, M., & Kappas, A. (2013). Impact study of nonverbal facial cues on spontaneous chatting with virtual humans. Journal of Virtual Reality and Broadcasting, 10, Article 6.
Kappas, A. (2013). Social regulation of emotion: Messy layers. Frontiers in Psychology, 4. 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00051
Krumhuber, E. G. , Kappas, A., & Manstead, A. S. R. (2013). Effects of dynamic aspects of facial expressions: A review. Emotion Review, 5, 41–45. 10.1177/1754073912451349
Paltoglou, G., Theunis, M., Kappas, A., & Thelwall, M. (2013). Predicting emotional responses to long informal text. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 107–115. 10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.26
Skowron, M., Theunis, M., Rank, S., & Kappas, A. (2013). Affect and social processes in online communication – Experiments with an affective dialog system. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 267–279.
Müller, M. G. , Kappas, A., & Olk, B. (2012). Perceiving press photography: Aa new integrative model, combining iconology with psychophysiological and eye-tracking methods. Visual Communication, 11, 307–328. 10.1177/1470357212446410
Chmiel, A., Sienkiewicz, J., Thelwall, M., Paltoglou, G., Buckley, K., Kappas, A., & Holyst, J. A. (2011). Collective eEmotions oOnline and tTheir Influence on cCommunity lLife. PLoS ONE, 6 (7), e22207.
Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion and regulation are one! Emotion Review, 3, 17–25. 10.1177/1754073910380971
Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion is not just an alarm bell—it’s the whole tootin’ fire truck. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 785–788.


Kappas, A. (2010). Smile when you read this, whether you like it or not: Conceptual challenges to affect detection. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 1, 38–41.
Thelwall, M., Buckley, K., Paltoglou, G., Cai, D., & Kappas, A. (2010). Sentiment strength detection in short informal text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61, 2544–2558. 10.1002/asi.21416




Kappas, A., & Olk, B. (2008). The concept of visual competence as seen from the psychological and brain sciences. Visual Studies, 23, 162–173. 10.1080/14725860802276313


Kappas, A. (2007). What is an emotion? Many-splendored things. Emotion Researcher, 22, 7.


Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A. S. R., Cosker, D., Marshall, D., Rosin, P., & amp;Kappas, A. (2007). Facial dynamics as indicators of trustworthiness and cooperative behavior. Emotion, 7, 730–735.


Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A. S. R., & Kappas, A. (2007). Temporal aspects of facial displays in person and expression perception: The effects of smile dynamics, head-tilt, and gender. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 31, 39–56.


Kappas, A. (2006). Appraisals are direct, immediate, intuitive, and unwitting … and some are reflective … Cognition and Emotion, 20, 952–975. 10.1080/02699930600616080


Kappas, A. (2006). Geheimnisvolle Tränen: Das Phänomen des Weinens aus der Sicht der Neurosemiotik. Zeitschrift für Semiotik, 28, 295–309.


Kappas, A., & Müller, M. G. (2006). Bild und Emotion – Ein neues Forschungsfeld. Publizistik, 51, 3–23. 10.1007/s11616-006-0002-x


Nouwen, A., Cloutier, C., Kappas, A., Warbrick, T., & Sheffield, D. (2006). The effects of focusing and distraction on cold-pressor induced pain in chronic back pain patients and controls. Journal of Pain, 7, 62–71. 10.1016/j.jpain.2005.08.004


Shields, S. A., & Kappas, A. (2006). Magda B. Arnold’s contributions to emotions research. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 898–901. 10.1080/02699930600615736


Krumhuber, E., & Kappas, A. (2005). Moving smiles: The role of dynamic components for the perception of the genuineness of smiles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 29, 3–24. 10.1007/s10919-004-0887-x