Journal Articles


Krumhuber, E., Tsankova, E., & Kappas, A. (2016). Examining subjective and physiological responses to norm violation using text-based vignettes. International Journal of Psychology.

Tsankova, E. & Kappas, A. (2016). Facial skin smoothness as an indicator of perceived trustworthiness and related traits. Perception, 45, 400–408.


Charlton, J. P., Kappas, A., & Swiderska, A. (2015). Does computing anger have social elements? A comparison with driving anger. Behaviour & Information Technology, 34, 294–303.

Hall, L., Tazzyman, S., Hume, C., Endrass, B., Lim, M., Hofstede, G. J., Paiva, A., Andre, E., Kappas, A., & Aylett, R. (2015). Learning to overcome cultural conflict through engaging with intelligent agents in synthetic cultures. International Journal of Artificial Intelligence in Education, 25, 291–317.

Krumhuber, E. G., Swiderska, A., Tsankova, E., Kamble, S. V., & Kappas, A. (2015). Real or artificial? Intergroup biases in mind perception in a cross-cultural perspective. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137840.


Olk, B., Tsankova, E., Petca, A. R., & Wilhelm, A. F. X. (2014). Measuring effects of voluntary attention: A comparison among predictive arrow, colour and number cues. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 67, 2025–2041.

Skowron, M., Rank, S., Swiderska, A., Küster, D., & Kappas, A. (2014). Applying a text-based affective dialogue system in psychological research: Case studies on the effects of system behavior, interaction context and social exclusion. Cognitive Computation, 6, 872–891. 10.1007/s12559-014-9271-2


Gobron, S., Ahn, J., Thalmann, D., Skowron, M., & Kappas, A. (2013). Impact study of nonverbal facial cues on spontaneous chatting with virtual humans. Journal of Virtual Reality and Broadcasting, 10, Article 6.

Kappas, A. (2013). Social regulation of emotion: Messy layers. Frontiers in Psychology, 4. 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00051

Krumhuber, E. G. , Kappas, A., & Manstead, A. S. R. (2013). Effects of dynamic aspects of facial expressions: A review. Emotion Review, 5, 41–45. 10.1177/1754073912451349

Paltoglou, G., Theunis, M., Kappas, A., & Thelwall, M. (2013). Predicting emotional responses to long informal text. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 107–115. 10.1109/T-AFFC.2012.26

Skowron, M., Theunis, M., Rank, S., & Kappas, A. (2013). Affect and social processes in online communication – Experiments with an affective dialog system. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 4, 267–279.


Müller, M. G. , Kappas, A., & Olk, B. (2012). Perceiving press photography: Aa new integrative model, combining iconology with psychophysiological and eye-tracking methods. Visual Communication, 11, 307–328. 10.1177/1470357212446410


Chmiel, A., Sienkiewicz, J., Thelwall, M., Paltoglou, G., Buckley, K., Kappas, A., & Holyst, J. A. (2011). Collective eEmotions oOnline and tTheir Influence on cCommunity lLife. PLoS ONE, 6 (7), e22207.

Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion and regulation are one! Emotion Review, 3, 17–25. 10.1177/1754073910380971

Kappas, A. (2011). Emotion is not just an alarm bell—it’s the whole tootin’ fire truck. Cognition and Emotion, 25, 785–788.


Kappas, A. (2010). Smile when you read this, whether you like it or not: Conceptual challenges to affect detection. IEEE Transactions on Affective Computing, 1, 38–41.

Thelwall, M., Buckley, K., Paltoglou, G., Cai, D., & Kappas, A. (2010). Sentiment strength detection in short informal text. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61, 2544–2558. 10.1002/asi.21416


Kappas, A., & Olk, B. (2008). The concept of visual competence as seen from the psychological and brain sciences. Visual Studies, 23, 162–173. 10.1080/14725860802276313

Kappas, A. (2007). What is an emotion? Many-splendored things. Emotion Researcher, 22, 7.

Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A. S. R., Cosker, D., Marshall, D., Rosin, P., & amp;Kappas, A. (2007). Facial dynamics as indicators of trustworthiness and cooperative behavior. Emotion, 7, 730–735.

Krumhuber, E., Manstead, A. S. R., & Kappas, A. (2007). Temporal aspects of facial displays in person and expression perception: The effects of smile dynamics, head-tilt, and gender. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 31, 39–56.

Kappas, A. (2006). Appraisals are direct, immediate, intuitive, and unwitting … and some are reflective … Cognition and Emotion, 20, 952–975. 10.1080/02699930600616080

Kappas, A. (2006). Geheimnisvolle Tränen: Das Phänomen des Weinens aus der Sicht der Neurosemiotik. Zeitschrift für Semiotik, 28, 295–309.

Kappas, A., & Müller, M. G. (2006). Bild und Emotion – Ein neues Forschungsfeld. Publizistik, 51, 3–23. 10.1007/s11616-006-0002-x

Nouwen, A., Cloutier, C., Kappas, A., Warbrick, T., & Sheffield, D. (2006). The effects of focusing and distraction on cold-pressor induced pain in chronic back pain patients and controls. Journal of Pain, 7, 62–71. 10.1016/j.jpain.2005.08.004

Shields, S. A., & Kappas, A. (2006). Magda B. Arnold’s contributions to emotions research. Cognition and Emotion, 20, 898–901. 10.1080/02699930600615736

Krumhuber, E., & Kappas, A. (2005). Moving smiles: The role of dynamic components for the perception of the genuineness of smiles. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 29, 3–24. 10.1007/s10919-004-0887-x